By Christine Yi Lai Luk
This booklet provides a concise historical past of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technology area of expertise developed from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of latest China. The e-book relates how, whereas at first which includes mobile biologists, the chinese language biophysics group redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technological know-how within the past due Nineteen Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been interested in the army region and persisted to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. in addition to the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the cloth context for biophysics to extend within the overdue Nineteen Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created learn and academic courses surrounding biophysics by way of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded via the coverage emphasis on science's position to force modernization. The booklet explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in construction their medical discipline.
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Extra resources for A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China
Lepeshinskaya was reported to have sidestepped these inconvenient questions. 1 The Research Establishment of Biophysics in the PRC 35 The second time Bei met with Lepeshinskaya, she did not want to discuss any aspect of her work on the formation of blood islands from yolk spheres in chicken embryos. Instead, she wanted to broadcast her latest discovery on the rejuvenating power and crop-yielding potentials of soda baths (Rapoport 1991, p. 260). Much to Bei’s chagrin, Lepeshinskaya was not willing to share the details of her work or to clarify the confusions in her “revolutionary” cell study.
The denigration of Lepeshinskaya forms the backdrop against which we can assess Bei and his reputation because of his close afﬁnity to Lepeshinskaya. As a matter of fact, Lepeshinskaya was Bei’s Soviet analogue: Both were prominent biologists living at the revolutionary heights in their home countries (Bei during Mao’s regime and Lepeshinskaya during Stalin’s). Both came up with alternative 24 2 The Father of Biophysics in China interpretations on cell proliferation and had contemplated on the question of the origin of life.
It entailed much more than the ability to optimize the quality of pictures and the extent of visualization. With advanced microscopes and the right techniques of preparation, a set of working assumptions is required in order to interpret the biological phenomena in a petri dish. In other words, what matters most is not how much one can see, but where to look for what one assumes is being seen and how to decide what to make out of it. In Bei’s study, why did he focus on the sexual metamorphisms and not other structural and functional aspects of c.