Download An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and by John M. Ziman PDF

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By John M. Ziman

Professor Ziman offers a coherent account of different views on technological know-how and know-how which are often studied less than numerous disciplinary heads equivalent to philosophy of technological know-how, sociology of technology, and technology coverage. it really is meant for college kids embarking on classes in those topics and assumes no detailed wisdom of any technological know-how. it's written in an instantaneous and straightforward sort, and technical language is seldom brought. it's going to attract scholars in quite a lot of clinical disciplines and enhances Professor Ziman's previous books.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Science Studies: The Philosophical and Social Aspects of Science and Technology

Example text

In practice, this is quite a strong condition, since it is not always easy to determine the self-consistency of a collection of closely coupled formal propositions or mathematical equations. One of the advantages of constructing a theoretical system around a material model is the knowledge that it can in fact be 'realized' without self-contradiction. For example, the Mendelian theory of combining and mutating ' genes' was strengthened by the discoveries of molecular biology, showing how these abstract entities could be 'modelled' chemically.

This would have been no more than an elegant formalism if he had not shown, by an imaginative change of one of the terms and some straightforward analysis, that these equations had solutions in the form of waves. A theory intended to cover electromagnetism was thus extended to explain the wave properties of visible light. This characteristic of theories is not only highly desirable: it may also be one of the characteristics that differentiate scientific theories from other conceptual structures.

Can a theory, born very tentatively as a mental construction, tell us what things are really like? 102 on Sat May 04 20:07:26 WEST 2013. 1$ Problem-solving and the growth of knowledge 33 to continue this general discussion of the cognitive dimension of science without enlisting the terminology and elementary principles of the philosophical analysis of the meaning of science in the context of justification, which we enter in chapter 3. Further reading for chapter 2 The main themes of the philosophy of science are so interwoven that the student should read the next chapter before turning to the general texts to be recommended there.

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