By Adrian Boas
Including formerly unpublished and little recognized fabric, this state-of-the-art publication offers a close dialogue of the archaeological facts of the 5 army orders within the Latin East:
* the Hospitallers
* the Templars
* the Teutonic Knights
* the Leper Knights of St Lazarus
* the Knights of St Thomas.
Discussing intimately the designated structure in relation to their quite a few undertakings (such as hospitals in Jerusalem and Acre) Adrian Boas locations emphasis at the value of the army Orders within the improvement of army structure within the center a while. the 3 central sections of the publication include chapters when it comes to the city quarters of the Orders in Jerusalem, Acre and different towns, their quite a few rural possessions, and the tens of castles outfitted or bought and extended within the 12th and 13th centuries.
A hugely illustrated and specified learn, this finished quantity might be a necessary learn for any archaeology scholar or pupil of this era.
Read Online or Download Archaeology of the Military Orders: A Survey of the Urban Centres, Rural Settlements and Castles of the Military Orders in the Latin East (c.1120-1291) PDF
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Additional info for Archaeology of the Military Orders: A Survey of the Urban Centres, Rural Settlements and Castles of the Military Orders in the Latin East (c.1120-1291)
Several additional sites relating to the Military Orders have been excavated in and around the walls of the town. They include the subterranean passage leading east from the Templar palace and part of the city walls which may have been held by the Hospitallers. 96 Several seasons of excavations have been carried out in the Crusader town of Arsuf (ancient Apollonia) since 1977. 97 These excavations have uncovered remains of the city fortiﬁcations and domestic buildings, as well as considerable remains of the remarkable castle in the north-west of the town.
56 Schick published a plan showing a gate on the western side of the complex close to the southern wall of the Temple Mount. Through this gate one entered, via a passage running east, a large north–south chamber formed of three groin-vaulted bays. Three arched openings on the east wall of this chamber gave onto the area before the open portal of the Double Gate. 58 This gate was essential as a direct access to the stables. 61 There are no known archaeological remains representing the site of a workshop here and, at present, no way of knowing if and exactly where it would have been located, although we can assume that if it did exist it would have been in the southern part of the Temple Mount, near to or within the complex of new buildings constructed by the Templars, possibly in the area to the east of the Templum Salomonis where there was more open space and where it would have been convenient but somewhat less obtrusive.
T H E U R B A N Q U A RT E R S O F T H E T E M P L A R S quarter and the port. All the same, problems could arise and factions could change sides (indeed the Pisans did so, having originally supported Genoa against Venice). Access to the port was crucial and free passage to and from it made the underground route desirable. Later, as the territory held by the Crusaders shrank in the face of Mamluk conquests, this need became even greater. As the hinterland was lost to them, the Templars, like others in the disintegrating kingdom, came to rely to a greater extent on supplies transported from the West and arriving by their own ships at the port.