By Andreas Dörnbrack (auth.), Ulrich Schumann (eds.)
at the get together of the fiftieth anniversary of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the German Aerospace middle (DLR), this e-book offers greater than 50 chapters highlighting result of the institute’s research.
The e-book presents an updated, in-depth survey around the whole box of atmospheric technological know-how, together with atmospheric dynamics, radiation, cloud physics, chemistry, weather, numerical simulation, distant sensing, tools and measurements, in addition to atmospheric acoustics.
The authors have supplied a effectively understandable and self-contained presentation of the advanced box of atmospheric technological know-how. the subjects are of direct relevance for aerospace technological know-how and know-how. destiny learn demanding situations are identified.
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Extra info for Atmospheric Physics: Background – Methods – Trends
In recent years, new algorithms to analyze satellite data from CALIPSO have been developed to allow for a more quantitative investigation of the impact of wave ice PSCs on ozone chemistry (Pitts et al. 2011). 1 The Atmosphere 15 Fig. 6 Simulated stratospheric temperature at 26 km altitude at 14 UTC 26 January 2000 using the MM5 (mesoscale model 5) with a horizontal grid size of 8 km. The blue shaded areas highlight adiabatically cooled mesoscale temperature anomalies generated by upward propagating mountain waves above the Scandinavian mountains.
Apparently, the most important difference in net heating and cooling of the earth’s surface and atmosphere exists from equator to pole. A simple tank experiment, here conducted in a virtual laboratory by means of a high-resolution numerical simulation, reflects the latitudinal distribution of heating and cooling and the attending fundamental circulation patterns (Ghil et al. 2010). In this differentially-heated rotating annulus, the polar region is imitated by the inner, cold cylinder whereas the outer cylinder substitutes the effects of the warm equatorial regions at lower latitudes (Fig.
De A. de U. 1007/978-3-642-30183-4_2, Ó Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 17 18 H. Schlager et al. 1 Molecular formulas and chemical compounds Formula Compound Formula Compound Ar argon NH3 ammonia CH4 methane N2O dinitrogen oxide (CH3)2CO acetone NO nitric oxide ClO chlorine monoxide NO2 nitrogen dioxide ClONO2 chlorine nitrate NOx nitrogen oxides CO carbon monoxide NOy total reactive nitrogen CO2 carbon dioxide O2 molecular oxygen DMS dimethyl sulfide O3 ozone HCl hydrogen chloride OH hydroxyl radical HNO2 nitrous acid OCS carbonyl sulfide HNO3 nitric acid PAN peroxyacetyl nitrate H2O water PFC perfluorocarbons H2SO4 sulfuric acid SO2 sulfur dioxide N2 molecular nitrogen VOC volatile organic compounds Fig.