By Michael Siebenbrodt, Lutz Schöbe
The Bauhaus move (meaning the "house of building") built in 3 German towns - it all started in Weimar among 1919 and 1925, then persevered in Dessau, from 1925 to 1932, and at last led to 1932-1933 in Berlin. 3 leaders presided over the expansion of the circulation: Walter Gropius, from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer, from 1928 to 1930, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, from 1930 to 1933. based via Gropius within the relatively conservative urban of Weimar, the hot capital of Germany, which had simply been defeated via the opposite eu international locations within the First international struggle, the stream turned a flamboyant reaction to this humiliation.
Combining new types in structure, layout, and portray, the Bauhaus aspired to be an expression of a generational utopia, striving to unfastened artists dealing with a society that remained conservative inspite of the progressive efforts of the post-war interval. utilizing the main sleek fabrics, the Bauhaus was once born out of the precepts of William Morris and the humanities and Crafts circulate, introducing new kinds, encouraged through the main traditional of items, into lifestyle. The shuttering of the heart in Berlin via the Nazis in 1933 didn't placed an finish to the circulate, seeing that a lot of its individuals selected the trail of exile and demonstrated themselves within the usa. even though all of them went in several instructions artistically, their paintings shared a similar foundation. the main influential one of the Bauhaus artists have been Anni Albers, Josef Albers, Marianne Brandt, Marcel Breuer, Lyonel Feininger, Ludwig Hilberseimer, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandisky, and Lothar Schreyer. via a chain of gorgeous reproductions, this paintings offers an summary of the Bauhaus period, together with the background, impression, and significant figures of this innovative circulation, which became way of life into artwork.
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Extra resources for Bauhaus: 1919-1933 (Temporis Collection)
The systematic training of all the senses in order to know and understand one’s environment better was one of Itten’s pedagogically practical concepts, as was the “nature research” demanded by Gropius in order to advance to new problemsolving approaches. This also included the analysis method as presented by Itten in his 1921 publication Analysis of Old Masters. He used mathematical processes when analysing historic works of art in order to record measurements and proportions in a scientifically exact manner.
From this, the laws of movement developed, mechanics and kinetics of the body, within itself as well as in space, in natural space as well as in cultural space (building). 30 The focus on the unspoiled, the impersonal, the bringing out of the typical by reduction to geometric forms, including the human body, in order to demonstrate its tectonic structure, its bodily volume, are the hallmarks of this first part of more complex teaching. It ended with the analysis of figural depiction in old and new art.
In the Bauhaus’s end-phase in Dessau, relations with the city had reached their nadir. The NSDAP declared its fight against the Bauhaus, which was now denounced as a “Jewish dive” and for the party embodied an intellectual opposite to its own world view, one of its central topics. The budget was cut further so that the school became largely dependent on licence income and was hardly able to survive. In May 1932 the parliamentary elections in Anhalt led to the fall of the state government, which had up until then been in favour of the Bauhaus, and the right-wing gained the majority.